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Tuesday, February 7

  1. page Social Networking edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Sam Oct 31, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    bridging formal and informal learning; developing social groups and communities in academic settings; knowledge building; democratising education (Crook et al., 2008)wing Nov 11, 2011
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches Social networks are being used both informally and formally by students and teachers. Informally I have seen a number of students use facebook groups to set up study groups or reading circle to share and support each other in their learning. These provide a medium for students to support and discuss current topics and ask their peers questions. Often they are used as a means of sharing resources. In a similar vein student leadership groups use FB groups to plan and coordinate events, to host meetings and discussions etc.
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches Formally paid social networks like Ning provide a flexible and controlled medium for students to interact in a monitored and moderated environment which is set up for the learning purpose rather than an addition to a social tool. Structured and focused social networks which are housed within a "walled garden" are becoming increasingly popular. Tutors and teachers can stimulate, facilitate and moderate discussions. These are particularly effective if the students are working on group based outcomes. Often we have seen the integration of several tools to produce an end produce eg Social network to co-ordinate and discuss the task, a wiki to house and organise the knowledge/information/data and a collaborative synchronous tool like Google documents to develop a shared presentation etc
    Social networks are providing spaces for students to manage their own learning in new ways as groups of students voluntarily join social networking sites. As Andrew says these groups sometimes operate as study or reading groups – but they also have the potential to support student-led learning initiatives where students feed back into formal learning environments as a result of their interactions in their social networking space. The social networking areas may host learning interactions running in parallel to formal class activities as students work invisibly beyond the formal class boundaries whether they be physical classes or formal online course sites.Julie.Mackey
    Social networking has also come into its own in times of crisis – see for example Dabner (2011)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1096751611000455 . Both institution-led and student-led social networking provided vital communication channels when normal processes were disrupted and staff and students dis-located from campus. Julie.Mackey Nov 11, 2011
    Developing professional networks and long been a value held in high esteem by our teaching teams as they support and guide our student teachers. Increasingly in recent years as technology has supported teaching and learning and we have moved from purely face to face networking opportunities to technology supported networking we have remained commited to this notion of networking and the value of this for students and their learning. Technology enables networking beyond our close face to face opportunities to reaching to all corners of the globe. To support these relationships we have explored social forums alongside professional / course based forums. Combining these in careful ways considers the 'whole' student person and enables the growth of professional networks never before possible for our students selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Social networking can makes learning more interactive. We already spend a lot of time on our social networks and our social network "friends" are resources we learn from.Sam Nov 13, 2011
    I think that there is an extremely blurred boundary between social media & networking, for instance Flickr has strong SN communities while Facebook has an enormous amount of photos (and other media) http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/31/technology/31flickr.html
    I think that a lot of SN opportunities will be linked to the production and display of media. For example, creating digital images and then developing discussion around them in e.g. Flickr. We see this already in the LMS although I think that the relationships between participants are not the same as those developed in more open networks. Social Networking can allow conversation and discussion to occur proximal to the learning opportunity.
    I think that universities will tend to link SN to non-formal learning and the student experience rather than have any widespread use across the curriculum. There will be some in depth use but in pockets and niches. A further area of interest is the development of lightweight local SN for staff with Yammer being the most obvious example. While not directly linked to learners, the development of staff and the assistance it gives to opening institutional silos by encouraging visibility and conversation around what we are working on as well as a common belonging to our institution should impact on learning. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    how to integrate these technologies into the school curriculumwing Nov 11, 2011Sam Nov 13, 2011
    how to make the most of the dual channels of formal and informal networking Julie.Mackey Nov 11, 2011
    The idea of social network literacy - there's a lot of "bad" information floating around and its important for students to learn how to discern credible information. Many primary and secondary schools have developed social networking policies, similar to acceptable use policies for mobiles. Where do we draw the line?Sam Nov 13, 2011
    Digital literacies and fluencies, which includes Sam's comment on identifying the veracity of information. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    unknown yet as little research has been conducted, there are many case studies but they are mostly descriptivewing Nov 11, 2011
    agree that we need more research in this area but think potential impact is significant as students choose to use social networking in addition to, in relation to, and in spite of formal learning activities Julie.Mackey Nov 11, 2011
    Students can more easily connect with each other and with other students across different institutions.Sam Nov 13, 2011
    Connection with peers both across and between institutions. Connection with experts outside the home institution. Support networks among students and staff. The potential for developing digital literacy and fluency. Some interesting examples in Australia e.g. Josh MacCarthy at Adelaide Uni using Facebook with a photography course. Further afield has been the development of DS106 and DS106radio. Originally based in UMW in the US, social networking has allowed global engagement and impacts on courses in CUNY and Tokyo. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
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    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    We had a small project 2 years ago using Twitter to connect student teachers while on practicum. This was very successful in developing peer support and has become embedded in the piloting course. It has also been used by an engineering course to generate peer networking and support during a 3 month work placement. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
    [[include component="page" page="Project Form Link"]]
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches
    http://flatclassroomproject.ning.com/

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  2. page Social Media edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Larry Oct 30, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches media sharing sites are becoming the go to solutions for students. My own experience has seen my students using a google search follwed quickly by a youtube search as means of accessing information, particularly about processes. The rich media resources available on youtube and other media sharing sites is very beneficial. The comments and discussion features can be both distracting and advantagous. There is always the risk of inappropriate interactions, but the majority of users, particularly if they are invited to view and comment on student work are helpful and supportive in their critique. Many institutions are using video as a means of getting student engagement after class - The concept of the "Flipped classroom" currently being championed by Alan November is a case in point of this. Students are "instructed" or "lectured" via video in their own time and then the face to face time is used for discussion. This is an effective method of time management and it provides students with a resource to revise from at a later stage. The Khan academy has taken this to a more refined form- The flipped classroom is essentially blended learningyour response here
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches Blended learning
    needs to link with cloud computing and the PLE as very significant emerging trends Stanley.Frielick Nov 15, 2011
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches the use of media freely available from the internet via hosts like youtube or providers like the Khan Academy is going to change the expectations of students for attending traditional classes. Why would they want to sit and listen to a lecture, when they can download it and view it at their leisure. They will expect more interaction and engagement in the face to face sessions and less presentation of knowledge. The outcome would be in my opinion extremely beneficial. Look at the trends emerging in secondary school with the flipped classroom and the khan academy. These are going starting pointsyour response here
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    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    [[include component="page" page="Project Form Link"]]
    andrew.churches Nov 11, 2011andrew.churches
    http://www.thedailyriff.com/articles/how-the-flipped-classroom-is-radically-transforming-learning-536.php
    http://www.khanacademy.org/

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  3. page Personal Learning Environments edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Sam Oct 31, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    It will change the way learning is organised and experienced. Most University courses have an online component, designed and developed by teachers The main functions of these are the dissemination of materials, administration and communication with students. It still largely reflects the one-way transmission model. PLEs will be student specific rather than course specific. Students will be responsible for building their own PLE, using components offered by teachers and institutions but also drawing on other influences. These PLE will become enduring artifacts of a students cumulative learning experience.Lynn.Jeffrey Nov 14, 2011
    Agree with Lynn and suspect that some people are already constructing embryonic PLE's. Our research with eportfolios illustrate changing attitudes to electronic environments and the ways in which some students are starting to think of their eportfolio as a learning and development palette. The attraction for students is that such a space is not only very flexible but also personally driven and capable of creating high degrees of meaningful learning and bridge the traditional focus of unviersities on conceptual approaches with the "real world" placement of our learners. Philippa.Gerbic Nov 14, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    As students bring all of their learning experiences together in one environment, it is more likely that they will make connections across disciplines, giving learning a synergetic effect. They will be a central and active agent in their own learning with more control over when, where and how they learn. This experience will develop their self-directedness and independence. The learning experiences of each student in a given class are likely to be markedly different and have more personal relevance.Lynn.Jeffrey Nov 14, 2011
    This approach will require a significant shift in thinking about teaching and learning (which is badly needed) Mick.Grimley Nov 14, 2011 - agree: if we are going to pay more than lip service to the notion of 'student-centred learning' we need to enable the PLE to support this Stanley.Frielick Nov 15, 2011
    Yes - that synergetic effect Lynne is very powerful for our stduents na d also motivational - however students responses indicate that there are major challenges for thme in terms of being more autonomous and self directed. Philippa.Gerbic Nov 14, 2011
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    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    [[include component="page" page="Project Form Link"]]
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  4. page Open Content edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Larry Oct 30, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    I regard this movement as very important for the higher education sector to prepare our students for life after concluding their studies. Open content is one aspect, the other is how we (as academics/teachers) direct our students. We have to rethink giving our students the one electronic resource/textbook that contains all for a course neatly packaged (the trend followed by the large textbook publishers in the States seems to be to provide electronic reosures for a course that contain everything a student might ever need for a course), as this takes away the need for students to seek out appropriate information themselves. Especially in higher eductaion we need to challenge our students to locate and evaluate information and to learn to trust their own judgement. Eva.Heinrich Nov 7, 2011 -- Agree Larry Nov 12, 2011AgreeMick.Grimley Nov 14, 2011
    Mark.NicholsEnabling students to take challenge assessments rather than enrol in a formal learning experience. In some ways this links to the Recognition of Current Competencies (RCC, or RPL - Prior Learning) in that students who really are self-motivated or who already have a significant familiarisation with a subject area can hone their knowledge through recommended OERs before paying for assessment. Actually there are multiple ways of engaging with OERs (see below).
    Agree with the sentiments expressed above. The OERu is, potentially, a game-changer. The movement expects to have prototype course offerings availalble in 2012, with a more comprehensive offering in 2013. Herbert.Thomas Nov 10, 2011
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 Agree
    Open content in terms of sharing of information and resources has always been promoted in higher education, particularly at the postgraduate level. You can't really not share your work with your peers in the research community. The recent OER movement makes it much easier to do so. It all depends on how the users (teachers and students) use these resources. I understand OERs have not been widely usedwing Nov 11, 2011
    Open content is a great equalizer. Everyone has access to the same information and materials regardless of finances and background. Education becomes more inclusive. Sam Nov 13, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    If we change our teaching towards a focus on finding and evaluation resources we also should change our assessment approaches. Away from closed-book exams towards open exams with full access to resources. Eva.Heinrich Nov 7, 2011
    Mark.NicholsIt's important to acknowledge the OERu initiative and the shift away from individual 'learning objects' toward entire courses available as OERs. This has huge potential however what is currently missing is an educational approach or - dare I use the term - 'business model' that engages with OERs in a meaningful and coordinated way.
    Mark.NicholsA statement acknowledging that there are many ways of engaging with OERs in formal learning contexts, many of them yet to be discovered.Sam Nov 13, 2011 I think this is what makes open content further on the horizon, rather than sooner. Sam Nov 13, 2011
    how policy makers respond to OER not clearwing Nov 11, 2011
    see my comments under alternative licensing on changes needed if people are to use OERs terry.neal Nov 13, 2011
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    Mark.NicholsEnabling rapid development and customisation of courseware.
    Mark.NicholsLinking faculty internationally.
    Mark.NicholsProviding pathways for learners who are self-directed to prepare for challenge assessments (see above).
    The OERu concept of 'Academic Volunteers International' could significantly affect the way in which learners interact with materials, peers and coaches/mentors in the online environment. Herbert.Thomas Nov 10, 2011
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 Share the enthusiasm around the possibilities
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    it is important to shift the teaching and learning culture (from individualist to collaborative) before there will be a significant impactwing Nov 11, 2011Sam Nov 13, 2011
    I think it motivates world-class institutions to make their content available for free, which sets a new tone for education. Open content as a social responsibility.Sam Nov 13, 2011
    Bringing teaching material out into the open could help with teaching catching up with reseearch and gaining more recognition. Systems of peer-review could develop that help to demonstrate the contribution of an academic. Eva.Heinrich Nov 14, 2011

    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    [[include component="page" page="Project Form Link"]] ere.
    http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/2011.11_OERu_Anchor_Partner_Meeting
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  5. page New Scholarship edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Larry Oct 30, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    This is important in supporting a more open community for researchers and academics but change will be very very slowwing Nov 11, 2011
    Really interesting to see the lack of comments on this one - reinforces the view that this will be slow. Read Martin Weller on the Digital Scholar - surely change has to happen faster in this space ? Apple might well disrupt the journal publishing industry in the same way as they did for music and magazines .... Stanley.Frielick Nov 15, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    Recognition of this new scholarship by policy makers and professional and research organisations. Is collaboration always a good thing? wing Nov 11, 2011your response here
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    This could potentially improve the quality of research but it could also be more time consuming in some contexts. The impact will be little if this new scholarship is not fully recognised.wing Nov 11, 2011your response here
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  6. page Mobile Apps edited ... What are Mobile Apps? [[include component="page" page="TopicsNav"]] ...…
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    What are Mobile Apps?
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    better understood in the academic world;by museums; there has
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    to help students learnpatrons stay connected to exhibits from a
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    functions from data collectioninterpretation and education, to sensorsmarketing and promotion, to specialized
    INSTRUCTIONS: Enter your responses to the questions below. This is most easily done by moving your cursor to the end of the last item and pressing RETURN to create a new bullet point. Please include URLs whenever you can (full URLs will automatically be turned into hyperlinks; please type them out rather than using the linking tools in the toolbar).
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    Oct 30, 2011Mark.Billinghurst Nov 13, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    I believe that the NZ university sector is on the brink of seeing explosive growth in this area over the next 2-3 years. Current pilots are likely to reach mainstream adoption within this timeframe. However, this is conditional upon the development and availability of crow-sourced platform-agnostic apps. The current economic environmment will not allow large-development by education providers. Herbert.Thomas Nov 10, 2011 -- I'd love to see you elaborate on this, Hervbert Larry Nov 12, 2011
    In the next 5 years most students will have smart phones and/or tablets/pads and so will be able to have access to hundreds of thousands of mobile applications. For most educational subjects there will be mobile apps that are relevant. It will also be easier than ever before to be able to create mobile applications. Mark.Billinghurst Nov 13, 2011
    I think apps have the ability to create a classroom experience outside of the classroom. Imagine a student having all their course materials available in one well-organized, visual app - lectures, text, social sharing features, etc. I think we're further off from that mature of a technology, but certainly at a very basic level, using apps for learning has a that exploratory, interactive appeal similar to games. Sam Nov 13, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    I think it will be useful to point out how mobile apps can be used for content creation and not just for content consumption. With cameras, microphones and other sensors integrated into smart phones they can be powerful content creation tools. Mark.Billinghurst Nov 13, 2011 Agree - Content Creation! Mick.Grimley Nov 14, 2011
    I agree with Mark. Creating an app represents the culmination of many important skills that should be incorporated into the curriculum of universities - tech savvy, creativity, an understanding of user experience, etc. Sam Nov 13, 2011
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    I think mobile apps can enable students to have a powerful shared educational experience and so change the nature of the learning experience. For example using tools such as HistoryPin people can experience historical views of their own city, and see comments and content created by a global community of contributors. Mark.Billinghurst Nov 13, 2011 Mick.Grimley Nov 14, 2011
    Apps are an experience learners are familiar with outside of class for recreational purposes. Bringing apps inside of the classroom better connects "inside" and "outside" learning.Sam Nov 13, 2011
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  7. page Mobiles edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Larry Oct 30, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011
    bridging the contextual gap - formal-informal learning environments. Also allowing/creating opportunities for learner-generated context and content ((Luckin, 2008; Luckin, et al., 2007; Luckin, Clark, et al., 2008; Luckin, Logan, et al., 2008; Herrington & Herrington, 2007; Laurillard, 2007 )
    The disruptive nature of technology (Sharples, 2002) (mobile phones - and high number of students who have them) has the ability to create pedagogical transformation. Through devices such as Mobile phone students are able to play an active role in the learning process. If the students are involved and are given more control and the staff member(s), and departments are involved (collaborative project), students can act as agents of change in learning and teaching (refer: Brown, Dunne, Nurser, & Zandstra, 2011; Cochrane & Bateman, 2009).
    What Linda said Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
    knowledge building in both formal and informal settingswing Nov 11, 2011
    Increases the opportunities for learning interactions, particularly outside of the classroom - but not restricted to that. Students have a very personal relationships with phones and tablets, and learning can benefit from the halo effect of this.Lynn.Jeffrey Nov 14, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011
    Local stats on Mobile Internet usage: 1.9 million New Zealanders had active Mobile Internet connection (__http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/industry_sectors/information_technology_and_communications/ISPSurvey_HOTPJun11.aspx__)
    need to develop pedagogies for mobile learningwing Nov 11, 2011
    Potential of SMART phones Mick.Grimley Nov 14, 2011
    Cost of smartphones, cost of mobile data in NZ, lack of broad public wifi networks in NZ Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 unlimited. Student ownership and agency over learning.
    limited impact if a clear constructive pedagogy not articulated in its usewing
    Mobile phones?? our students are challenged by the small screens and limitations of this when it comes to meaningful learning experiences selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Mobile devices?? our students are beginning to explore the potential of more mobile devices such as ipad, that tend to be more transportable yet at the same time still offer a learning interface that supports reading, interacting and responding selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Most impact will be on micro-learning activities such as blogging, checking administrative details (due dates, timetables etc), quick quizzes, interacting with other students. This may improve learning efficiency as students are encouraged to use tiny blocks of time that would otherwise be wasted (eg waiting for the bus or train). This micro-learning is enhanced by the 'always on' aspect (no boot-up time), and the immediacy of this technology has huge motivational potential. The use of mobiles will enable learning to become much more tightly integrated into the student's everyday routine and life rather than being a distinct event at a separate time and place. Mobile learning will not replace other forms of learning but will supplement and support it. One huge advantage that mobile technology has over other technologies is that use of mobiles is widely pervasive. Because most people have at least some familiarity with this technology, there should be less resistance to its adoption.Lynn.Jeffrey Nov 14, 2011
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    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    [[include component="page" page="Project Form Link"]]
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  8. page Location-Based Services edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Sam Oct 31, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    From a very simple yet difference-making perspective, location-based services have been highly relevent for our students to feel 'at home' and engaged in relevent, locally appropriate and locally supported teaching and learning opportunities. As we increasingly support teaching and learning beyond our NZ shores this becomes critical for students to feel that they are engaged in a locally considered and therefore relevent to their community, learning opportunity. From access to websites - perhaps developed and managed from NZ for other nations, to learning management environments offering date, time and location, to inherent discussion and communciation tools (eg chat features, internal messaging features) hosted and/ or managed from NZ for other nations - all support student and teaching experiences if location is considered. This somewhat simple personalisation concept shows sensitivity to individual students which in turn will make a difference for successful outcomes for programs and students selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Location-based services shows sensitivity towards students and their learning while enabling NZ to offer learning opportunities beyond NZ shores. It can be nothing but off-putting for a student to be engaged in a learning environment that suggests a different time, day and personal posting for them of a discussion posting - if we are going to offer learning in different locations and time zones, as the web enables us, we need to take seriously the responsibility of ensuring we are providing locally relevent learning environments so students feel 'at home' at the same time as engaging in international programs - this is possible through smart use of technology and ' location based services' a win-win for students selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    The importance of location-based services in students feeling that they are engaged in relevent, locally supported, programs of learning. It is key to not under-estimate the importance of the student feeling 'at home' in their learning even when learning is online and virtual. selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Location based learning could be readily leveraged for use in higher Ed courses through the activation of learning tasks at certain locations (Just In Time Learning) e.g. Students attending a particular lecture - on entering the lecture theatre might be required to complete a particular task before the lecture begins etc etc Mick.Grimley Nov 14, 2011
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    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    Students feeling 'at home', supported, in relevent learning environments considerate of their locality and time zone = more positive student outcomes and NZ opportunity selena.fox Nov 12, 2011your response here
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  9. page Learning Analytics edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
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    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Larry Oct 30, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    Learning analytics are increasing significant as the shift in accountability and external management of tertiary education grow. Government are less inclined to accept generic outcomes as justifications for public funds and are looking for clearly demonstrated economic benefits. Performance indicators and standards are now accepted tools for management and accountability in most fields and tertiary is not immune. stephen.marshall Nov 7, 2011
    Mark.NicholsA very effective means of determining student engagement in distance and online programmes. As Stephen has mentioned, accountability for EPIs (Education Perormance Indicators) means such data is extremely important and useful.
    If I had an idealised version of a teacher, it would be someone who knew where each student was on their learning journey. Sometimes pre-school and primary school teachers get very close to this, so to do individually tutored graduate students, such as PhDs. In between these extremes we have a range of teaching events that gradually disassociate the learners and teachers, culminating in the mass lecture, where there is little or no chance that the teachers (academics) know what the students are about in their learning. So, learning analytics can track and trace what students are up to. This is really important because those who don't "get it" can be identified, those who are disconnecting can be seen and those doing really well can be encouraged, each at the individual level. My observation (using the BlackBoard reports) demonstrates that this can be done at quite a detailed level. Institutionally, if we are to be paid by completions (an elaborate form of payment by results from the 19th century), then it is necessary to track students to intercept those disconnecting and dropping out, even if just to maintain the completion rates and hence the funding stream. It would be better if we did this for educational reasons though. Why should we encourage students into doing courses/papers that are maybe not as appropriate as they might be then let them fail without doing much about it? It sure is a good way to blame students for their own failure. So, using analytics does throw the responsibility back on the teachers and institution to minimise dropout rates. Andrew.Higgins Nov 8, 2011
    In my view, Learning Analytics is also the first step towards meaningful personal learning paths. I agree that this is set to become hugely important. Herbert.Thomas Nov 10, 2011
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 Concur with the above although less inclined to favour this from a managerial or accountability perspective and more supportive of it from an ethical standpoint in terms of contribution to student learning.
    Learner Analytics offers considered strategic planning and planned potential focusses on individual, small group and student body needs. Looking forward.. based on thoughtful analysis of student and academic body data.... so decision makers are able to consider resourcing of time, finances and efforts into future steps that are based on real data foundations rather than... repetative plans (lets do it again because it worked last year) or unfounded directions (lets give this a go). exciting! selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Agree generally with the above comments. Linda makes a good point regarding the importance of allowing learners access to data and helping them utilise it effectively. I see 2 potential issues with Learner Analytics - firstly, for certain perceived outcomes of analytics such as early diagnosis of struggling students, it is likely that the business practice of many institutions will need to change, for instance, requiring academics to conduct early assessments. Secondly, there is a danger that institutions use analytics to force early withdrawal of struggling students so that they don't count as a failure in the statistics reported back to government. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
    your response here
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    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    There is a relationship between analytics, learning design and technology use that is missing. Much of the power of analytics (for either accountability or to improve student outcomes) hinges on students using technology in meaningful ways throughout their coursework. stephen.marshall Nov 7, 2011 Ditto Stephen... lets look to our students and our teachers for insight and informing of learning / instructional design to ensure the environments meet their needs rather than the needs of the IT developers.. a radical thought.. selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    Mark.NicholsSystematising the use of analytics data. It's one thing to get a detailed report, very much another to apply it in a meaningful way. It may be(?) too ambitious to suggest that analytics can "enable teachers and schools to tailor educational opportunities to each student’s level of need and ability". A more realistic application is recognising who may need additional support or encouragement.
    There may be opportunities to develop flexible pathways through materials and activities where the choices of pathways are automated by analytics. So rather than a teacher looking at the analytics from Student A and suggesting or creating further work they can do, a system takes the analytics data and does the suggesting. The pathways would need to pre-exist in the system. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
    Monitoring student performance, especially when the students are adults, does raise some important ethical issues. We do not need to do it just because we can (at least with BlackBoard, not sure about Moodle). Is a blanket ethical approval statement telling students we are going to track them sufficient? If not, what is a better alternative?Andrew.Higgins Nov 8, 2011
    A critical aspect is the way in which students themselves may use learning analytic mechanisms to self-regulate their engagement. Herbert.Thomas Nov 10, 2011 Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 Absolutely concur
    your response here
    another response here

    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    Analytics are a two-edged sword. There are potentially positive outcomes as they can encourage greater engagement by senior managers in ensuring that student learning is in fact happening and that key services are resourced and delivering appropriately, they can also lead to greater engagement with assessment and feedback, including early feedback (linked to warning systems). There may also be benefits in the desire for analytics motivating investment in modernisation and integration of technology infrastructure and systems. Negative outcomes can result from the analytics measuring 'proxies' for actual outcomes where an easy to obtain, but incomplete, measure drives behaviours that are ultimately unhelpful to student learning. Either way, I can see the focus on information gathering and analysis driving technology acquisition and deployment as the technology is key to gathering essentially any information used in analytics. stephen.marshall Nov 7, 2011
    Mark.NicholsEnabling limited resources in student support to be better targeted.
    One of the potential pitfalls is underestimating the potential complexity and cost of integrating a plethora of institutional electronic systems in an attempt at ensuring data integrity. Herbert.Thomas Nov 10, 2011
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 Further concerned about the capture of the technology for performative purposes - rather than seeing it as an aid to improving learning, it has the potential to be a driver for accountability purposes
    positive - provide targeted and timely support for students. Give students greater agency in understanding their learning development. Negative - As mentioned above, institutions using data to cull students from courses before they count as a fail in the stats. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011
    support Linda's concerns about 'performativity' - this can be mitigated by giving students control over the analytics but is this really going to happen ? On the other hand given the economic challenges this kind of data is going to be important ... Stanley.Frielick Nov 15, 2011
    your response here
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    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    There is a major national research project looking into this issue. It is Ako Aoteroa sponsored and involves universities using BlackBoard and Moodle (under other names). The question being addressed is "do learning management systems help or hinder student progress and retention. There has been a pre and post test questionnaire for students and interviews with staff. A toolkit for staff new to using digitial teaching strategies is part of the project. Report is due in February 2012Andrew.Higgins Nov 8, 2011 Looking forward to this Andrew... any chance for an addition to your learning environments to be reviewed? perhaps in the next stage.... selena.fox Nov 12, 2011
    We are at the very beginning of an internal project to look at learner data. We are just completing a technical project to allow better access to assessment data by linking a variety of recording systems more coherently. the next stage is to consider which data points or trends tell us what, what other data that exists should we tap into, and what practices might need to change or be adjusted in order to increase the usefulness of analytics. There is also strong interest in ACODE on this topic and there may be some collaboration between member institutions forthcoming. Nigel.Robertson Nov 14, 2011

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  10. page Gesture-Based Computing edited ... Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row s…
    ...
    Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: Sam Oct 31, 2011
    (1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 user embodiment and immersion in the process and the activity. Huge potential for people with disability, medical. As already pointed out - “allows users to engage in virtual activities with motion and movement similar to what they would use in the real world, manipulating content intuitively” - the ability to create - provides an opportunity for ‘conceptual collision’ - the convergence of one's thinking with facts/realistic possibilities, leading to innovative solutions. For example, virtual worlds - where the possibilities are only restricted by one's own thinking.
    very natural, comfortable, intuitive way to work for many and an alternative to typing on glass for those that find this uncomfortable or debilitating Sue.Tait Nov 15, 2011
    your response here
    another response here

    (2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011provides an opportunity for ‘conceptual collision’ - the convergence of one's thinking with facts/realistic possibilities, leading to innovative solutions.
    Something about gesture input being used to support natural collaboration - by capturing an transmitting non-verbal cues. Mark.Billinghurst Nov 16, 2011
    your response here
    another response here

    (3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?
    Linda.Keesing-Styles Nov 10, 2011 learner engagement
    agreed, assisting in flexible, interactive learning spaces by being able to be picked up readily from observing others Sue.Tait Nov 15, 2011
    your response here
    another response here

    (4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?
    At Massey the Educational Technology Unit have been experimenting with a Kinect camera to look into ways in which gesture-based computing may be used in the area of veterinary medicine. Specifically looking at ways that clinical practice i.e. surgery or parts of e.g. scapel, can be emulated using this technology. At the very early stages of this project. Duncan.OHara Nov 15, 2011
    At the HIT Lab NZ we have a number of projects using the Kinect camera to capture hand and body input and intuitively manipulate graphical content. For example see http://www.youtube.com/user/hitlabnz#p/u/13/S7qbjGNyi88 Mark.Billinghurst Nov 16, 2011

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